Putting the right expert observation in the right place can make an essay shine. Proper formatting of quotes, attributions and citations differs slightly depending on whether you are using Modern Language Association or American Psychological Association style, but general principles apply to both. Check with your instructor to determine the precise style desired. Format Your Quote Begin and end short quotations with double quotation marks.
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Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Summary: This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries.
This handout compares and contrasts the three terms, gives some pointers, and includes a short excerpt that you can use to practice these skills.
What are the differences among quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing? These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing. Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly. Summarizing involves putting the main idea s into your own words, including only the main point s.
Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.
Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries? Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes.
You might use them to: Provide support for claims or add credibility to your writing Refer to work that leads up to the work you are now doing Give examples of several points of view on a subject Call attention to a position that you wish to agree or disagree with Highlight a particularly striking phrase, sentence, or passage by quoting the original Distance yourself from the original by quoting it in order to cue readers that the words are not your own Expand the breadth or depth of your writing Writers frequently intertwine summaries, paraphrases, and quotations.
As part of a summary of an article, a chapter, or a book, a writer might include paraphrases of various key points blended with quotations of striking or suggestive phrases as in the following example: In his famous and influential work The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud argues that dreams are the "royal road to the unconscious" pageexpressing in coded imagery the dreamer's unfulfilled wishes through a process known as the "dream-work" page.
According to Freud, actual but unacceptable desires are censored internally and subjected to coding through layers of condensation and displacement before emerging in a kind of rebus puzzle in the dream itself page.
How to use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries Practice summarizing the essay found hereusing paraphrases and quotations as you go. It might be helpful to follow these steps: Read the entire text, noting the key points and main ideas. Summarize in your own words what the single main idea of the essay is.
Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay. Consider any words, phrases, or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly.
There are several ways to integrate quotations into your text. Often, a short quotation works well when integrated into a sentence. Longer quotations can stand alone.
Remember that quoting should be done only sparingly; be sure that you have a good reason to include a direct quotation when you decide to do so. You'll find guidelines for citing sources and punctuating citations at our documentation guide pages.How to use quotes in an essay?
Below you can find a brief guide on inserting phrases from various sources in your text using the two most common styles – APA and MLA. MLA style quotations in an essay; Short – In accordance with this style, a short quote is a phrase that is less than four printed lines of prose or three lines of verse.
If. Using Quotation Marks The primary function of quotation marks is to set off and represent exact language (either spoken or written) that has come from somebody else.
The quotation mark is also used to designate speech acts in fiction and sometimes poetry.
Here is a quick guide on how to quote Shakespeare according to the standards set by the Modern Language Association (MLA). For more comprehensive information, consult the . Quoting a Play in Your Essay Whenever you quote a play in your essay, MLA style requires you to include an in-text citation showing where the quote came from.
For a play, this will include the abbreviated title of the play, and the section of the play in which the quote is found. Next, on the list about how to write dialogue in an essay, we will talk about the dialogue essays format etiquettes. We have three rules about how to format dialogue in an essay.
Take a look at these dialogue essays examples: Use quotation marks for normal quotes. Incorrect: She said I honestly think he's lying. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all MLA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.