General Writing Help Health economics is a branch of economics that deals with the issues related to the production and consumption of health and health care. It also goes on to study health-affecting behaviors such as smoking.
I was attracted to study presenteeism because it gave me a chance to address both normative and positive issues.
Presenteeism, a concept related to productivity, is a controversial topic in the economic evaluation of healthcare technologies and is currently excluded from health economic evaluations, following the recommendation made by the NICE reference case.
The reasons why productivity is excluded from economic evaluations are Thesis on health economics and valid, however, there are some circumstances where excluding productivity is difficult to defend.
Presenteeism offered an opportunity for me to explore and question the social value judgements that underpin economic evaluation methods with respect to productivity.
In terms of positive issues related to presenteeism, research into the development of methods that can be used to measure and value presenteeism was and still is limited. This provided an opportunity to think creatively about the types of methods we could use, both quantitative and qualitative, to address and further methods for quantifying presenteeism.
Are existing tools adequate for measuring and valuing presenteeism in inflammatory arthritic conditions? That is the question! Research into methods that can be used to quantify presenteeism is still in its infancy.
Presenteeism is difficult to measure accurately because there are a lack of objective measures that can be used, for example, the number of cars assembled per day.
As a consequence, many methods rely on self-report surveys, which tend to suffer from bias, such as reporting or recall bias. Methods that have been used to value presenteeism have largely focused on valuing presenteeism as a cost using the human capital approach HCA: The monetary factor typically used to convert the volume of presenteeism into a cost value is wages.
Valuing productivity using wages risks taking account of discriminatory factors that are associated with wages, such as age.
There are also economic arguments that question whether the value of the wage truly reflects the value of productivity. My PhD focused on developing a method that values presenteeism as a non-monetary benefit, thereby avoiding the need to value it as a cost using wages.
Why was it important to conduct qualitative interviews as part of your research? The quantitative component of my PhD was to develop an algorithm, using mapping methods, that links presenteeism with health status and capability measures.
A study by Connolly et al. The results suggested that all three measures were able to capture those important aspects of rheumatic conditions that affect presenteeism; however, the results indicated that the SF6D would most likely be the most appropriate measure.
The results from the quantitative mapping study identified the SF6D as the most suitable outcome measure able to predict presenteeism in working populations with rheumatic conditions.
The advantage of the qualitative results was that it provided some evidence that explained why the SF6D was the more suitable measure rather than relying on speculation. Is it feasible to predict presenteeism using outcome measures within economic evaluation? I developed an algorithm that links presenteeism, measured using the Work Activity Productivity Impairment WPAI questionnaire, with health and capability.
The SF6D was identified as the most suitable measure to predict presenteeism in a population of employees with rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis.
The results indicate that it is possible to predict presenteeism using generic outcome measures; however, the results have yet to be externally validated. The qualitative interviews provided evidence as to why the SF6D was the better predictor for presenteeism and the result gave rise to questions about the suitability of outcome measures given a specific population.
The results indicate that it is potentially feasible to predict presenteeism using outcome measures. What would be your key recommendation to a researcher hoping to capture the impact of an intervention on presenteeism? Provide a rationale that explains why presenteeism is an important factor that needs to be considered in the analysis.
Explain how and why presenteeism will be captured and included in the analysis; as a cost, monetary benefit, or non-monetary benefit.
Justify the methods used to measure and value presenteeism. It is important that the research clearly reports why specific tools, such as presenteeism surveys, have been selected for use.Jul 23, · Hey, friends!
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Health economics is a subject that has become relevant in recent years and continues to attract students due to the scope it provides.
The content is rather thought-provoking and exciting, and presents plenty of opportunities for debate and discussion. Essays in Health Economics: Empirical Studies on Determinants of Health A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of.
ABSTRACT OF DISSERTATION ESSAYS IN HEALTH ECONOMICS Health and health care are dominant economic and political issues in . Feb 13, · Thesis topics health economics, - Money can't buy life essay.
No plagiarism — exclusive writing in approximately subjects. An economic analysis of the contribution of health care to health inequality Edward Kendall A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University College London. Department of Applied Health Research UCL (University College London) of health economics, especially Laura Vallejo-Torres and Jonas Kinge.