The particles of the molecule are arranged in a structure called the double helix, and this doubled form traces the function of the molecule and the transmission of data between generations of organisms as each is copied for replication.
Genetic Engineering Essay - Paper Example Genetic Engineering Essay The discovery of DNA in Essay Science has allowed for advances in production, transportation and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to effect our lives, as genetic engineering will undoubtedly do - The discovery of DNA in Essay introduction.
By understanding genetic engineering and its history, discovering its possibilities and answering the moral and safety questions it brings forth, perhaps scientists will be able to create a world where gene defects, bacterial diseases and even aging, will be a thing of the past.
These early studies showed scientists that each organism has at least two sets of character determinants, or genes. Genes are transmitted through chromosomes, which reside in the nucleus of every living organism cells. Each chromosome is made up of fine strands of deoxyribonucleic acids, or DNA.
DNA determines the shape, form and function of the organism offspring. They were all later accredited with the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine in This would create a new DNA strand that would have taken nature millions of years of natural selection Genetic anthropology new understanding through genetic testing essay develop.
The possibilities for genetic engineering are endless.
Once scientists master the ability to control DNA, anything can be accomplished, for example: Many new uses are also predicted for the future.
Many people suffer from genetic diseases ranging from thousands of different types of cancers, to blood, liver and lung disorders.
Perhaps in time to come, all of these diseases will be able to be treated by genetic engineering, specifically gene therapy.
However, this genetic method could, in the future, solve many genetic birth defects such as downs syndrome. Somatic cell therapy deals with the direct treatment of living tissues. Agriculture has benefited greatly from genetic engineering, cotton plants have been genetically engineered to resist insect pests, special genes have been engineered into tomato plants to produce tomatoes that have increased flavor, and last longer.
Once scientists have found answers to the moral and safety questions genetic engineering brings forth, then perhaps in the not so distant future, genetic engineering will become a main source in eliminating genetic, bacterial and viral diseases, along with controlling aging, and providing replacements for humans, such as arms, legs and organs.
Throughout the centuries disease has plagued the world. Whether viral or bacterial, such diseases are treated with vaccines and antibiotics.
These treatments, however, contain many unsolved problems. Genetic engineering is conquering this medical dilemma by utilizing diseases that target bacterial organisms. Current science can even re-apply fingers after they have been cut off in accidents, or attach synthetic arms and legs to allow patients to function normally.
How much more convenient would it be if the human body could simply re-grow what it needed, such as a new kidney or an arm? Genetic engineering can make this a reality. There is evidence of regeneration in nature occurring all around us and the researchers of genetic engineering are trying to master the techniques.
Ever since biblical times the life span of a human being has been put at roughly 70 years. Donner Denckla, of the Roche Institute of Molecular Biology, proposes the alarm clock theory is true. Donner Denckla provides evidence for this statement by examining the similarities between normal aging and the symptoms of a hormonal deficiency disease associated with the thyroid gland.
Denckla proposes that as we get older the pituitary gland begins to produce a hormone, which blocks the action of the thyroid hormone, which then causes the body to age, and then die. Perhaps in the years to come, genetic engineering may defy the aging process. The moral and safety questions surrounding genetic engineering currently cause this new science to be cast in a false light.
Anti-technologists, political and religious extremists spread false interpretation of facts coupled with statements that genetic engineering is not natural and defies the natural order of things.
Some people oppose genetic engineering because they fear that harmful, uncontrollable bacteria might be produced accidentally.
Others worry about environmental damage by the deliberate introduction of organisms whose heredity has been altered; also people question the morality of manipulating the genetic material of living creatures.
Our fear of the unknown has slowed the progress of many scientific discoveries in the past. The thought of humans flying, or stepping on the moon was not easy for the average person to accept, but in time, these were accepted, and are now an everyday occurrence in our lives.
With time, knowledge and exploration, genetic engineering too will come into full use in our society. Choose Type of service.Genetic Explanations for Aggression Essay Sample Genetic Anthropology: New Understanding through Genetic Testing Essay Study of Chloroplast Genetic Engineering.
Anthropology – FINAL Essay Questions 1. Why are genetic comparisons of species often better than comparisons based on phenotypic similarities and differences?
• Genes tell us more than looks • Phenotype is based on features and adaptations of a species o Every member of a species has different features so this would not have good .
The Innocence Project uses DNA testing along with private attorneys to help prove the innocence of criminals that they believe have been wrongfully convicted. Genes Research Papers report on the discovery of human genes and genetic engineering.
Genetic Anthropology: New Understanding through Genetic Testing Genetic Anthropology is the study of combining DNA evidence with physical evidence to understand the history of modern human. Genetic Testing Essay Examples. 23 total results.
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