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This first draft was prepared by a man named John Dickinson in The Articles were then ratified in The cause for the changes to be made was due to state jealousies and widespread distrust of the central authority.
This jealousy then led to the emasculation of the document. As adopted, the articles provided only for a "firm league of friendship" in which each of the 13 states expressly held "its sovereignty, freedom, and independence.
The articles established a national legislature called the Congress, consisting of two to seven delegates from each state; each state had one vote, according to its size or population.
No executive or judicial branches were provided for. Congress was charged with responsibility for conducting foreign relations, declaring war or peace, maintaining an army and navy, settling boundary disputes, establishing and maintaining a postal service, and various lesser functions.
Some of these responsibilities were shared with the states, and in one way or another Congress was dependent upon the cooperation of the states for carrying out any of them.
Four visible weaknesses of the articles, apart from those of organization, made it impossible for Congress to execute its constitutional duties.
The first weakness was that Congress could legislate only for states, not for individuals; because of this it could not enforce legislation. Second, Congress had no power to tax. Instead, it was to assess its expenses and divide those among the states on the basis of the value of land.
States were then to tax their own citizens to raise the money for these expenses and turn the proceeds over to Congress.
They could not be forced to do so, and in practice they rarely met their obligations. Third, Congress lacked the power to control commerce--without its power to conduct foreign relations was not necessary, since most treaties except those of peace were concerned mainly with trade.
The fourth weakness ensured the demise of the Confederation by making it too difficult to correct the first three. Amendments could have corrected any of the weaknesses, but amendments required approval by all 13 state legislatures.
None of the several amendments that were proposed met that requirement.The Articles Of Confederation And An Effective Government Essay - To say that the Articles of Confederation provided the United States of America with an .
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Difference between articles of confederation and constitution. After the United States was declared independent in , a committee was formed in to create “The Articles of Confederation” that acted as the very first constitution of the 13 original Free states.
The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States. The Articles took place from March 1, to June 21, At . The Nation Under the Articles of Confederation Essay.
The Nation Under the Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation from the period till would be a period least effective of a government according to the fully oppositional Constitution that came right after the articles.
The Articles Of Confederation And An Effective Government - To say that the Articles of Confederation provided the United States of America with an effective government would be quite an over exaggeration.