First, let us comprehend each perspective.
Emic was derived from the word "phonemic," a term referring to the study of sound systems within language, particularly those sets of sounds that a native speaker of a particular language can distinguish.
Etic comes from the word "phonetic," a study of the overall organization of sound within all languages without particular regard to their patterns. Emic and etic Emic and etic study methods differ just as in phonemic and phonetic approaches to linguistic studies.
Emic Perspective Emic research is accomplished by procuring insider, or native, perspectives. It is a more objective approach in which the researcher will try to make sense of endemic customs and practices by observing or interviewing members of that culture. This bottom-up approach requires analysts to adopt a completely neutral outlook, with no expectations about what they will observe or what it will mean.
In anthropology, folkloristics, and the social and behavioral sciences, emic and etic refer to two kinds of field research done and viewpoints obtained: emic, from within the social group (from the perspective of the subject) and etic, from outside (from the perspective of the observer). Definition of emic: of, relating to, or involving analysis of cultural phenomena from the perspective of one who participates in the culture being studied — compare etic First Known Use of emic. Etic perspective is defined as an external or outsider’s view on beliefs and customs. This can be similar to an analytical or anthropological perspective. This can be similar to .
It attempts to observe the cultural system as a working whole. The emic approach is a popular method for newer topics, as researchers focus on actual data from local participants and the themes or patterns that develop therein, rather than depending upon long-standing theories.
Researchers employing this method will conduct an in-depth long-term study of one or just a few settings.
In this method, scientists might study how gender roles develop within a particular culture, but without applying what they know about gender roles in other societies. The result may be a rich and diverse accumulation of individual case study data with a focus on how the insiders or natives viewed the differences in gender roles.
Scientists might also study tattoo significance by collecting data on what the tattoos mean to individuals within the context of the cultural environment. Researchers typically use existing theories that can be applied equally to other cultures, reapplying them to a new setting or population with the assumption that the theories are universal.
Unlike the emic approach, etic research takes cultural data and attempts to fit it to accepted general causal models.
The analytical nature of the etic approach works well for brief observations of particular behaviors within a wide range of settings. Its goal is to focus on measurable data that can be compared to that from other cultural settings.
With this approach, a gender role study would more likely apply observed cultural data to previously recognized concepts of masculine and feminine. A study of cultural tattoos would similarly collect information about tattoos from a specific cultural environment and then try to determine meaning based on tattoo theories established from studies of other cultures.
Since it is based on former research, this method can discourage new concepts.Dec 19, · Emic and Etic Perspectives. When looking at any culture, our own or someone else's, it is possible to have two different perspectives.
Being an ethnographer requires the ability to move easily from one perspective to the other. These two perspectives are emic and etic.
Oct 23, · Best Answer: An emic view is the view from within, the etic view is the view from outside. Emic is what a person IN the culture studied would have, and an anthropologist would take an outsider's view. For example all cultures have a taboo on caninariojana.com: Resolved.
Etic perspective is defined as an external or outsider’s view on beliefs and customs. This can be similar to an analytical or anthropological perspective. This can be similar to . In reality, emic vs. etic isn’t a dichotomy (not mutually exclusive) and can be used to varying degrees in the same project (more on this at the end).
I’ve summarized some of the pros and cons of emic and etic approaches in the chart at the end of this post, but it is good to remember that the real strength is often in integrating the two.
In it, the terms 'emic' and 'etic' signify two different approaches to studying human culture. The emic approach to studying human culture focuses on the members of the culture being studied.
Obtaining an emic view of another culture is a central goal of doing ethnography, and an emic view is necessary before an etic perspective can truly be obtained.
Etic Perspective To gain an etic perspective on a culture, your own or someone else's, requires even more work.