Human Rights Council a cesspool of bias The opinions expressed in this commentary are her own. View more opinion articles on CNN. CNN On December 17,one young man took a stand against corruption, and changed the course of history.
Turbulence persisting is the post-revolution Egypt and Tunisia or emerging tensions in Burma illustrate that transition is not a one-off event; instead, it frequently is a long and bumpy road toward meaningful institutional change.
Transitions vary considerably from region to region and even country to country. In many cases, corruption was a driving force in igniting successful movements that led to transition such as the EDSA People Power Revolution in the Philippines inColor Revolutions in the Balkans and the former Soviet Union in the s, and most recently the Arab Spring.
Specifically, it was a combination of stolen elections combined with persistent large-scale corruption that drove people's demands for change. However, a dictator's fall does not automatically mean that corruption has ceased.
To the contrary, in most of these situations corruption became a large and growing issue soon after the transitions. In many cases the privatization processes created a group of cronies who profited on a grand scale from the Combating corruption transformation.
Especially in the post-Soviet countries, this trend Combating corruption undermined the transition to democracy and is threatening economic progress. It is important to recognize that corruption is not just a moral problem: This understanding is key to effecting lasting change.
The starting point is to examine and analyze how corruption occurs -- what the enabling conditions are that allow a corrupt transaction to occur, whether in procurement, customs, land sales or any other area of the economy.
The next key element of successfully fighting corruption in transitions requires collective action of engaged citizens through associations, civil society groups, think tanks and other groups.
Providing assistance to these organizations in the form of technical, management and even financial assistance can help foster a successful transition.
There are many points of engagement in the reform process, but one crucial area is the role of the private sector. The term "private sector" is thought by many to refer exclusively to multinational corporations. Yet, in most countries the private sector is made up of a much more diverse group of businesses: Each segment of the private sector has an important role in building integrity and transparency.
However, it has to be noted that not all them are equally interested in reforms. In transition countries in particular there is a part of the private sector often referred to as the crony capitalist sector.
During the era of President Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines, this term was used to refer to a group of business people who owned most of the large-scale enterprises and blocked the development of new firms or the growth of the SME sector.
Jesus EstanislaoFinance Minister under President Corazon Aquino, documents this well in his work and also describes the key role that think tanks and other groups of private business people play in developing a democratic market economy and fighting for the integrity of the market.
As mentioned earlier, there are a number of areas of engagement that various parts of the private sector should address to build a successful transition and fight corruption.
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|Combating Corruption||The programme adopts a multi-track strategic approach which combines policy research and analysis, with training and capacity development, peer learning and knowledge and information sharing and documentation of best practices on anti-corruption, policy dialogue and special events on corruption in Africa. The project engages at the national, sub-regional and regional levels with support to national anti-corruption institutions, the pan-African Body of National Anti-Corruption institutions, sub-regional networks of national anti-corruption institutions, and the African Union Advisory Board on Anti-Corruption.|
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These include building business associations and think tanks that promote reforms reducing the opportunities and need for corruption and creating coalitions to help business people defend themselves from extortion and demands for bribes.
There must also be an effort to promote corporate governance as a key part of an honest privatization process and to create demand for freedom of information laws and transparency. Businesses need to implement systems of ethics and internal controls, often with the assistance and support of business associations, think tanks, and other organizations.
Finally, countries need to engage the informal sector to enable these entrepreneurs to join the formal economy and address the injustices and corrupt practices that keep them informal. History shows that it can take years before democracy is fully institutionalized, market economy becomes competitive and inclusive, and embedded corruption begins to be effectively treated.
As we celebrated the International Anti-Corruption Day on December 9, let us examine lessons learned from past transitions and apply them in new contexts so that corruption does not derail people's aspirations for greater political and economic freedom.Combating corruption That corruption is widespread in Sri Lanka is an accepted fact.
That it has become so much a part of the fabric of our society as to be unquestioned and unassailable is . Sep 09, · For self-protecting reasons, many governments would prefer not to discuss it, but the US is determined to shine a spotlight on the connections between corruption and international peace and.
caninariojana.com 2 POLICY BRIEF JULY challenge the Afghan government on a daily basis.
As a result of a dysfunctional security and defense sector, Afghan mines are plundered, customs. The Anti-Corruption Commission of the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikasının Korrupsiyaya Qarşı Mübarizə üzrə Komissiyası) is set up according to the article of the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on "Fight Against Corruption" and functions as a specialized agency on combating corruption since Combating Corruption.
The World Bank Group considers corruption a major challenge to its twin goals of ending extreme poverty by and boosting shared prosperity for the poorest 40 percent of people in developing countries.
This Regional Anti-Corruption Programme for Africa is an initiative of the UNECA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, being undertaken in collaboration with the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption aimed at up scaling the fight against corruption on the continent with a view to ensuring a corruption free, better governed and economically prosperous continent.