An overview of botswana

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An overview of botswana

Subsistence farming and cattle raising predominate. The sector is plagued by erratic rainfall and poor soils. Tourism is also important to the economy. The Orapa project doubled the capacity of the country's main diamond mine from early This will be the main force behind continued economic expansion.

Economic growth slowed in and turned negative in as a result of the Great Recessioncontracting by 5. Some critics have criticized this level of military spending, given the low likelihood of international conflict, but these troops are also used for multilateral operations and assistance efforts.

As ofit depended largely on services The World Bank reports that in the most recent year for which World Bank data are availablethe SACU had a weighted average common external tariff rate of 3. According to the U. Department of Commerce"there are very few tariff or non-tariff barriers to trade with Botswana, apart from restrictions on licensing for some business operations, which are reserved for [Botswana] companies.

As of it is An overview of botswana world's second largest producer of diamonds after Russia. Diamond exports provide Botswana's economy with strong supplies of foreign exchange and have offered a basis for industrial development and stimulated improvements in Botswana's infrastructure.

However, despite their preeminent role in Botswana's economy, there are concerns that diamond mines are not labour-intensive enough to provide sufficient employment for Botswana's workforce, and this mismatch has been cited as a factor in the country's structurally high unemployment rate.

BCL, also with substantial government equity participation operate in the country.

An overview of botswana

BCL was placed in provisional liquidation in latefollowing years of loss-making operations, and was placed into final liquidation by the High Court in June Since the early s, the country has been one of the world's largest producers of gem diamonds. Four large diamond mines have opened since independence.

De Beers prospectors discovered diamonds in northern Botswana in the early s. The first mine began production at Orapa infollowed by a smaller mine at Letlhakane. What has become the single richest diamond mine in the world opened in Jwaneng in The mine was discovered when termites looking for water brought grains of diamond to the surface.

According to Debswana, the Orapa Expansion project increased the Orapa's mine annual output from 6 million carats to 12 million carats and raised total production to 26 million carats.

The mine was placed into care and maintenance in December due to weak global demand but was scheduled to reopen in January In earlythe entire southern African region was hit hard by massive shortages in power, since the region works to share its power resources through the Southern African Power Poolwith most of the capacity coming from South Africa.

Botswana has in turn put in place plans to become a net exporter of power to the regional pool, through governmental expansion of the Morupule power station, as well as encouraging private investment in the form of a 4 gigawatt power station by the Canadian Greenfield company CIC Energy.

Jindal Africa currently aims to operate three surface mines in the coalfields of Mmamabulaas well as a power plant. Botash has been operating in the Sua Pan in northeastern Botswana since April Production of soda ash is estimated at aroundper annum and is exported to South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

One of the world's unique ecosystems, the Okavango Deltais located in Botswana. The country offers excellent game viewing and birding both in the Delta and in the Chobe Game Reserve — home to one of the largest herds of free-ranging elephants in the world.

Botswana's Central Kalahari Game Reserve also offers good game viewing and some of the most remote and unspoiled wilderness in southern Africa.

A number of national parks and game reserves, with their abundant wildlife and wetlands, are major tourist attractions. The wildlife, including lions, brown hyenascheetahs, leopards, wild dogs and antelope, was described in great detail in the best-selling book Cry of the Kalahari by Mark and Delia Owens.

Botswana is also participating in community based natural resource management projects by trying to involve villagers in tourism.

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One example is the village of Khwai and its Khwai Development Trust. The seventh season of the Amazing Race visited Botswana.Overview of Botswana Wilderness Safari to Botswana including Chobe National Park, Okavango Delta, Kwando-Linyanti, Livingstone & Victoria Falls.

CDC-Botswana is partnering with the Government of Botswana, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of KwaZulu Natal (South Africa), to conduct a multi-year study focusing on TB transmitted in Botswana in an effort to control the spread of the disease. CDC has collaborated with the government of Botswana since to strengthen tuberculosis (TB) control through public health research.

In the partnership expanded to include HIV/AIDS programs. Download Overview Fact Sheet. PMP ® Project Management Professional (PMP) ®. The PMP is the gold standard of project management certification. Recognized and demanded by organizations worldwide, the PMP validates your competence to perform in the role of a project manager, leading and directing projects and teams.

Economy - overview: Until the beginning of the global recession in , Botswana maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since its independence in Botswana recovered from the global recession in , but only grew modestly until , primarily due to a downturn in the global diamond market, though water and power.

Botswana Overview. The Republic of Botswana, a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, is bordered by Namibia to the north and west, Zimbabwe to the east, and South Africa to the south.

An overview of botswana

Botswana is divided into nine districts and five town councils, with Gaborone as the capital.

Economy of Botswana - Wikipedia